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TCS Volcano Observations is structured in 5 Tasks defined and implemented taking into account the diversity of data and products, and their use by stakeholders within and outside the scientific community.
Strategic activities and governance coordinates the strategic activities necessary to establish the governance structure for guaranteeing the long-term sustainability of the involved Research Institutions for the data provision through EPOS. This task deals also with the legal aspects such as Data Policy and licensing rules;
Coordination and Interaction with the community is in charge of establishing communication channels for the interaction with the whole TCS community and, working in close cooperation with WP2, to contribute in supporting EPOS communication strategy. The task will also coordinate the activities for measuring the impact of the provided services according to WP3; Moreover, the task aims at strengthening the European volcanological community;
Interoperability with EPOS Integrated Core Services (ICS) and testing coordinates activities in order to guarantee the interoperability between the infrastructures involved in VO-TCS and the ICS, in close cooperation with WPs 6 and 7. Specific activities of this task are:
- to link and harmonise the technical implementation of the VO-TCS with the ICS, define standards for their interaction and implement a prototype for a RESTful service (‘REpresentational State Transfer’);
- to coordinate the services and platforms of the two Supersite projects, FUTUREVOLC and MED-SUV, which are used as pilots;
- to carry out a survey to gather information on e-infrastructures currently in place at a VOs and VRIs and define a peculiar improvement plan for each.
Volcanological data aims at implementing services for the access to Level 0 data. Considering the peculiarities of the volcanological observations, this task is organised in 3 specific activities:
- access to seismic, geodetic (GNSS, tilt, gravity, strain) and infrasonic data, in cooperation with WP8 and WP10. The datasets from MEDSUV, FUTUREVOLC and the French volcanic observatories will be standardised and integrated with data from other volcanoes;
- access to volcanological, environmental and geochemistry data (e.g., atmospheric pressure or temperature, wind speed, water pressure in bore hole, optical and infrared images, UV and IR spectra, etc.), including rock samples;
- design of TA facilities for: 1) Physical access to the VO and VRI infrastructures to carry out research projects; 2) Education and training actions for researchers and students, 3) access to mobile pool of multi-disciplinary available instruments targeted to collect high quality multi-parametric data on active volcanic areas.
Volcanological products will implement facilities for access to Level 1, 2 and 3 data.
- “Seismic and geodetic products”, at both Level 1 data (automatic parameters from processing of raw data, including ground deformation, seismic events, volcanic tremor and shake-maps),
- “Volcanic Products and Reports”, and in particular volcano catalogues, current or past volcanic activity and maps with volcanological/structural/morphological features. These products are available in very wide forms (reports, web pages, scientific publications), so their access will be homogenized according to MEDSUV and FUTUREVOLC e- infrastructures, taking into account international resources like WOVOdat and GEOROC.
- “Remote sensing data and products”, based on available volcanic data bases and used for volcano monitoring and investigation on the volcanic processes. The task will implement an on-line repository for satellite and ground- based data and high-level products and relevant metadata specifically dedicated to volcano monitoring (optical, ultraviolet, thermal and radar observations). Access to satellite observations will be implemented in close collaboration with WP12. Overall, the remote sensing data and products include the outcomes from the two volcano Supersite projects on Level 2 data (3D Deformation maps, DEM, thermal data from lava flows, eruption rates, ash and volcanic aerosols detection).
- “Modelling and computational volcanology”, will contribute to the EPOS Computational Earth Science Facility, in collaboration with WPs 6 & 7. Indeed, understanding of volcanic processes requires modelling of large amount of volcanological data and products. However, the actual models, developed to address specific problems, remain inaccessible to a large number of users. To overcome such drawback the Volcano Modelling and Simulation gateway (VSMg) for gathering data and tools for physical and mathematical modelling has been implemented. VSMg will be the starting point for the implementation of a larger open source software repository for petrological to geophysical modelling, which will provide a venue for collaboration on code development, validation and benchmarking. Currently, the task is evaluating whether to carry out a pilot to run on-line one the existing modelling tools.
- “Hazard Products”, aimed at providing information on volcanic hazard to general Stakeholders supporting them in decision making responsibility. The related activity consists in surveying existing hazard products (hazard maps, scenario-based maps related to different threatening volcanic phenomena, event trees, GIS mapping tools and dissemination material) and defining suitable products for the non-scientific users groups. These activities, closely related to Communication and Outreach, will be carried out in interaction with WP2